Info of Veneer Basics
Veneer is created by slicing wood from logs in to very thin layers. For staircase design the ideal thickness of it is 6mm and popular wood choices are Hemlock, Mahogany, Ash and Oak. The process of making it is an ancient art that was first implemented by the Ancient Egyptians for use on their furniture and their sarcophagi. The Egyptians hand sawed their wood in to the very thin slices, today though, there are three main machine tools used for production which make it much easier and reduce waste:
- A rotary lathe.
- A slicing machine.
- A half round lathe.
There are several types available in today’s market:
- Raw: This has two ‘best’ sides until one has had an appropriate finish applied.
- Paper Backed: This is useful for applying to pillars and other items of curved furniture because it is more pliable than the raw type. It is also available in large pieces.
- Phenolic Backed: This is considered an ecological solution because it is completely man-made. Again this type is good for curved furniture because it is not likely to crack when bending and can be purchased in large sheets.
- Laid Up: This one comes delivered ready to fit as it will have already been joined together by the manufacturer.
- Reconstituted: Ones are made from a tropical tree that grows quickly and is therefore also considered to be friendly to the environment. It may be dyed to achieve the desired colour. once the correct colour has been achieved, the slices of the wood are stuck together to make a laminated veneer.
- Wood on Wood or 2 Ply: is usually only used for decorative pieces and inlays with a utility grade wood-backing.